گفتاردرمانی تخصصی کرج سیاوش عطایی 091216234636 Risk and Prognostic Factors

 

Temperamental. Heavy caffeine use has been observed among individuals with mental disorders, including eating disorders; smokers; prisoners; and drug and alcohol abusers. Thus, these individuals could be at higher risk for caffeine withdrawal upon acute caffeine abstinence.

Environmental. The unavailability of caffeine is an environmental risk factor for incipi­ent withdrawal symptoms. While caffeine is legal and usually widely available, there are conditions in which caffeine use may be restricted, such as during medical procedures, pregnancy, hospitalizations, religious observances, wartime, travel, and research partici-

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ادامه مطلب  گفتاردرمانی تخصصی سیاوش عطایی 09121623463 Risk and Prognostic Factors

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